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UK law covers the laws and legislation of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Essays, case summaries, problem questions and dissertations here are relevant to law students from the United Kingdom and Great Britain, as well as students wishing to learn more about the UK legal system from overseas. During the Court of Session hearings on 3 September, the court heard evidence that Johnson had approved negotiations with the Palace on 15 August 2019, by way of signing a handwritten note to his special adviser Nikki da Costa and Dominic Cummings, and made comments about the short sitting of Parliament in September being a "rigmarole" to show MPs were "earning their crust". Aidan O'Neill, who represented the petitioners at the Court of Session, argued that this proved the government misled the court when they described the issue of prorogation as an academic one. 
Overhear: The product is bought NOT through paid media channels like IG (post an ad, watch it run) but rather through some means of hearing about the product, either virally or digitally. Kids who bought Prime Hydration heard about it on social channels, saw their friends drink it at school – or even watched a Logan Paul influencer-laden video. “I must have this product that I’ve heard so much about, and it verily must be the bee’s knees” (how I imagine a 12-year-old thinks). Which leads to: Marbury v. Madison (1801), a U.S. Supreme Court case which held that the judiciary was entitled and obliged to undertake judicial review of the laws. On 4 September, Doherty ruled in the first instance that the matter was non-justiciable; the case was immediately appealed to the Inner House of the Court of Session.  On 11 September, the three-judge appellate panel at the Court of Session, consisting of Lords Carloway ( Lord President), Brodie, and Drummond Young, unanimously found the prorogation was unlawful. The court found Johnson was motivated by "improper purpose of stymieing Parliament" and had effectively "misled the Queen", and as a result, declared the royal proclamation as "null and of no effect", but did not offer a binding remedy to that effect. R (on the application of Miller) v The Prime Minister; Cherry and Others v Advocate General for Scotland  UKSC 41(24 September 2019) The Court considered that it was entirely proper to consider this matter and that doing so would strengthen, not undermine, the separation of powers:“Indeed, by ensuring that the Government does not use the power of prorogation unlawfully with the effect of preventing Parliament from carrying out its proper functions, the court will be giving effect to the separation of powers.” Scope and constitutional principles A Brief Chronology of the House of Commons" (PDF). Factsheets. House of Commons Information Office. General Series (G3). August 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 April 2016 . Retrieved 12 September 2019.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of LawTeacher.net. Any information contained in this case summary does not constitute legal advice and should be treated as educational content only. Clear, Stephen (18 December 2019). "Boris Johnson is planning radical changes to the UK constitution – here are the ones you need to know about". The Conversation. Archived from the original on 23 December 2019 . Retrieved 23 December 2019.After the 2017 general election, the government, led by Theresa May, announced that the first session of Parliament after the election would last until 2019—normally, parliamentary sessions last a year—to allow for greater parliamentary scrutiny of their Brexit plans.  By May 2019, the session had become the longest to sit since the Long Parliament, some four centuries before.  The government's preferred Brexit withdrawal agreement was rejected three times in early 2019, which deepened tensions between opposition politicians, the government, and advocates of a " no-deal Brexit"; Brexit was subsequently delayed until 31 October 2019, and May resigned her leadership of the Conservative Party.  May was succeeded in the following party leadership election by Boris Johnson,  whose campaign team had floated the possibility of prorogation to force a no-deal Brexit despite Parliament overwhelmingly rejecting the proposition.  Supreme Court: Ex-PM's lawyer argues against prorogation". BBC News. 19 September 2019. Archived from the original on 23 January 2020 . Retrieved 24 September 2019. Bowcott, Owen (16 September 2019c). "Supreme court to hear claims suspension of parliament is unlawful". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 September 2019 . Retrieved 25 September 2019.